The SMN pointed out that, in the second half of September 2023, the exceptional drought emerged in Mexico, the most serious category that exists.
In the last 15 days, the exceptional drought emerged in Mexico, the most serious category that exists, in 1.84 percent of the national territory, specifically in the states of Durango, Hidalgo, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí and Veracruz.
According to the Mexican Drought Monitor, as of September 30, only 11.12 percent of the country is not affected by the lack of rain and runoff, that is, 88.88 percent of the surface registers impacts.
The report prepared by the National Meteorological Service (SMN) establishes that 13.92 percent of the national territory is abnormally dry (D0), 19.17 percent with moderate drought (D1), 24.16 percent with severe drought (D2), 29.79 percent with extreme drought (D3) and 1.84 percent with exceptional drought (D4).
In the case of Durango, 15 municipalities have exceptional drought, Hidalgo, 12 municipalities; Querétaro, two municipalities; San Luis Potosí, 16 municipalities; and Veracruz, three municipalities.
The SMN noted that in the second half of September 2023, “despite the presence of low-pressure channels, the entry of tropical wave number 28 and two cold fronts (number 2 and 3), the rains were below average “Therefore, significant precipitation deficits were observed in a large part of the national territory.”
“The constant presence of an anticyclonic system located mainly in the northwest, north, northeast and central west led to a hot to very hot environment with temperatures higher than 35 degrees Celsius in some regions, which is why there were relevant increases in areas with drought.”
“In the northeast, central west and south Pacific the drought increased from severe to extreme (D2 to D3), this last category also had an increase over the states of the northeast and North Pacific”
“On the other hand, in Durango and the bordering area between San Luis Potosí, Querétaro, Hidalgo and Veracruz, areas with exceptional drought (D4) emerged,” he added.